Why food biodiversity is so important?
We are giving you 5 main reasons for which biodiversity is undoubtedly connected to food security, but also to our own well being as well as the well being of all the species of our planet.
By hearing the word “biodiversity” one can imagine of several things: Animals, insects, plants... In this article, we will talk about food biodiversity which -of course- derives by the existence of all the parameters we have mentioned above.
More specific, biodiversity for food and agriculture is all the plants and animals -wild and domesticated- that provide food, feed, fuel and fibre.
It is also the myriad of organisms that support food production through ecosystem services – called “associated biodiversity”. This includes all the plants, animals and micro-organisms (such as insects, bats, birds, mangroves, corals, seagrasses, earthworms, soil-dwelling fungi and bacteria) that keep soils fertile, pollinate plants, purify water and air, keep fish and trees healthy, and fight crop and livestock pests and diseases.
At the beginning of 2019, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), has presented its first-ever report regarding biodiversity for food and agriculture, entitled “State of the World's Biodiversity for Food and Agriculture”. This report, presents mounting and worrying evidence that the biodiversity that underpins our food systems is disappearing – putting the future of our food, livelihoods, health and environment under severe threat.
Here, we are giving you 5 main reasons for which biodiversity is undoubtedly connected to food security, but also to our own well being as well as the well being of all the species of our planet.
Biodiversity is critical for safeguarding global food security, providing us with in-numerous food choices according to the area we are living and the needs we may have.
It is underpinning healthy and nutritious diets since it is giving us the opportunity to choose among a variety of food filled with valuable nutrients for our body.
By securing biodiversity, we improve rural livelihoods while enhancing the resilience of people and communities.
Through biodiversity we can produce food in a sustainable way without harming the environment, procuring us with more resistant productions.
It helps plants and animals adapting to climate change while it improves soil fertility and water quality.
Here, you can find FAO's full report in order to get as much information as you may need regarding biodiversity for food and agriculture.
Photo: Alex Hudson via Unsplash